English is not an official language of the Swiss Confederation. This translation is provided for information purposes only and has no legal force.
Ordinance on Beverage Containers
(Beverage Container Ordinance, BCO)
of 5 July 2000 (Status as on 1 January 2008)
1 This Ordinance regulates:
- the supply and take-back of beverage containers used within Switzerland;
- the financing of the disposal of beverage containers made from glass.
2 It applies to containers of all beverages except for containers for milk and milk products.
1 Refillable containers means beverage containers intended for refilling.
2 Non-refillable containers means beverage containers not intended for refilling.
3 Recycling of beverage containers means the production of new containers or other products from used containers.
Dealers, manufacturers and importers shall supply packaging only in containers which, when they are collected, treated or recycled by existing organisations, do not give rise to significant additional costs or significant technical difficulties.
Dealers, manufacturers and importers who supply beverages to consumers must:
- mark refillable containers as such; this does not apply to restaurant businesses;
- indicate the amount of the deposit charged on deposit-bearing beverage containers;
- on non-refillable PVC containers indicate the name and address of a company in Switzerland that is obliged to take them back.
1 Dealers, manufacturers and importers that supply beverages in refillable containers to consumers must charge a deposit. They must take back refillable containers of all the products they stock and refund the deposit.
2 Exempted from these obligations are:
a. holders of restaurant businesses who ensure that refillable containers are collected;
b. dealers, manufacturers and importers who, when they deliver beverages to consumers' homes, charge an amount equivalent to the deposit for any refillable containers not returned.
3 The deposit shall be not less than CHF 0.30 for any beverage container.
1 Dealers, manufacturers and importers who supply beverages in non-refillable PVC containers to consumers must charge a deposit. They must take back non-refillable PVC containers of all the products they stock, refund the deposit and at their own expense pass the containers on for recycling.
2 Exempted from these obligations are holders of restaurant businesses who ensure that non-refillable PVC containers are collected.
3 The deposit shall be not less than CHF 0.30 for any non-refillable PVC container.
1 Dealers, manufacturers and importers who supply beverages in non-refillable PET or metal containers to consumers and who do not ensure the disposal of all containers they supply through financial contributions to a private organisation, must:
a. take back such non-refillable containers at all points of sale during all opening hours;
b. pass such non-refillable containers on for recycling at their own expense; and
c. indicate clearly in easily visible places at the points of sale that they accept the return of these types of non-refillable containers.
2 These provisions are subject to the reservation of the special measures taken by the Federal Department of Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) in terms of Article 8.
1 The recycling level for beverage containers made from glass, PET and aluminium shall be a minimum of 75% for each material. The recycling rate of any packaging material is the percentage proportion of the containers recycled during a calendar year compared with the total weight of non-refillable containers of the material supplied for use in Switzerland.
2 If the target is not achieved, DETEC may require that dealers, manufacturers and importers:
a. charge a minimum deposit on non-refillable containers of the material concerned;
b. accept the return of such containers and refund the deposit; and
c. pass returned containers on for recycling at their own expense.
3 DETEC may limit the mandatory deposit to those containers that are the main cause of the recycling target not being met. It may grant exemptions from the mandatory deposit if the recycling of the containers is guaranteed in other ways.
4 If manufacturers and importers supply annually more than 100 tonnes of recyclable non-refillable containers of a packaging material other than glass, PET, aluminium or PVC, then DETEC may also stipulate a minimum recycling level and measures in accordance with paragraph 2 for this material.
1 Manufacturers who supply empty glass beverage containers for use within Switzerland and importers who import such containers must pay in respect of these a disposal fee (the "fee") to an organisation (the "Fee Organisation") appointed by the Federal Office for the Environment (the FOEN)1.
2 The obligation to pay a fee also applies to importers who import filled glass beverage containers.
3 No fee is payable by:
a. manufacturers and importers who supply or import beverage containers with a capacity of less than 0.09 litres;
b. manufacturers and importers who supply or import fewer than 1,000 beverage containers per half calendar year.
1 The fee per beverage container shall be not less than CHF 0.01 and not more than CHF 0.10.
2 DETEC shall set the fee rate based on the anticipated costs of the activities set out in Article 12, having first consulted the interested parties.
3 The Fee Organisation must inform consumers about the rate of fee in an appropriate way.
1 Those required to pay the fee shall, no later than 30 days after the end of each calendar half year, inform the Fee Organisation of the number of beverage containers liable to the fee supplied or imported by them during this period. Figures shall be indicated separately in accordance with the requirements of the Fee Organisation and with the level of fee.
2 The fee for the containers supplied or imported during a calendar half year shall be due for payment 60 days after the end of the period in question. In the event of late payment, default interest is payable; if payment is made in advance, the Fee Organisation may grant credit interest.
3 If the Fee Organisation transfers the collection of the fee to the Federal Customs Administration, then the collection, due date and interest payments are governed by the customs legislation.
The Fee Organisation must use the fee for the following activities:
a. the collection and transport of used glass;
b. the cleaning and sorting of intact glass containers;
c. the cleaning and preparation of cullet for the manufacture of containers and other products;
d. information, particularly to promote the reuse and the recycling of glass beverage containers; no more than 10% of the annual income from the fee may be used for information activities;
e. refunding the fee (Art. 14);
f. its own activities in accordance with the mandate of the FOEN.
1 Anyone who claims payment from the Fee Organisation for activities under Article 12 must submit an application to the Fee Organisation with supporting documentation no later than 31 March of the following year. The Fee Organisation may determine the information that applications must contain.
2 The Fee Organisation shall make payments to third parties only insofar as these undertake their activities economically and professionally. To this end, it may make enquiries.
3 The Fee Organisation shall make payments in respect of activities set out in Article 12 letters a-d based on the funds available. In so doing, it shall take account in particular of the amount and quality of the used glass and the environmental impact of these activities.
1 Anyone who exports beverage containers for which a fee has been paid may claim the refund of the fee in an application with supporting documentation.
2 If the amount due for refund is less than CHF 25.00, it shall not be refunded.
3 Applications for a refund of the fee may be submitted to the Fee Organisation for each calendar year, but must be submitted no later than 31 March of the following year.
1 The FOEN shall delegate the levying, administration and use of the fee to a suitable private organisation. The Fee Organisation may not have any commercial interest related to the manufacture, import or export, supply or disposal of beverage containers.
2 The FOEN shall enter into a contract with the Fee Organisation for a period of up to five years. The contract shall regulate in particular the proportion of the fee which the Fee Organisation may use for its own activities, and the conditions and consequences of premature termination of the contract.
3 The Fee Organisation shall appoint a independent third party to audit its accounts. It must supply them with all the necessary information and permit access to files.
4 It may reach agreement with the Federal Customs Administration on levying the fee on imports. The Federal Customs Administration may undertake to inform the organisation about the data in the customs declarations and further information relating to the import or export of beverage containers.
5 The Fee Organisation shall safeguard the commercial confidentiality of parties liable to pay the fee vis-à-vis third parties.
1 The FOEN shall supervise the Fee Organisation. It can issue directives to it, in particular about use of the fee.
2 The Fee Organisation must provide the FOEN with all the necessary information and allow it access to its files.
3 It must submit to the FOEN each year no later than 31 May a report on its activities in the previous year. This report must contain in particular:
a. the annual accounts;
b. the auditor's report;
c. the number of beverage containers subject to a fee notified, itemised according to the level of the fee;
d. a breakdown showing how the fee was used by amount, purpose and recipient.
4 The FOEN shall publish the report, excluding any information that is subject to commercial or manufacturing confidentiality or which permits deductions of this nature to be drawn.
1 The Fee Organisation shall decide on applications for fee refunds (Art. 14) and payments to third parties (Art. 13) by issuing rulings.
1 Amended in accordance with No. II 80 of the Ordinance of 8 Nov. 2006 on the Amendment of Federal Council Ordinances in accordance with the Total Revision of the Administration of Federal Justice, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2006 4705).
2 Repealed by No. II 80 of the Ordinance of 8 Nov. 2006 on the Amendment of Federal Council Ordinances in accordance with the Total Revision of the Administration of Federal Justice, with effect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2006 4705).
Manufacturers and importers of beverages must inform the FOEN by the end of February of each year in line with its requirements of:
a. the volume of beverages produced or imported for consumption in Switzerland the previous year, divided into refillable and non-refillable containers, packaging material and beverage categories
b. the weight of recyclable non-refillable containers that were used for the beverages manufactured or imported for domestic consumption the previous year, itemised according to packaging material and beverage categories.
1 Dealers, manufacturers and importers with an obligation to take back non-refillable containers (Art. 6 para. 1, Art. 7 para. 1, Art. 8 para. 2) must by the end of February of each year notify the FOEN of the weight of the containers returned and recycled in the previous year. The declarations must be itemised according to packaging materials.
2 Anyone who in the course of business recycles beverage containers, or imports or exports them for recycling, must by the end of February of each year notify the FOEN for the previous year, in respect of each packaging material, of the weight, the recycling company and the method of recycling.
1 Those required to report may also submit their information by the end of February of each year to private reporting offices. In this case, they must ensure that these reporting offices compile all the data and submit it to the FOEN by the end of April each year.
2 The FOEN is entitled to inspect all individual notifications.
The Cantons shall enforce this Ordinance unless enforcement is specifically assigned to a federal authority.
1 This Ordinance comes into force on 1 January 2001, subject to paragraph 2.
2 DETEC shall determine the commencement date for Articles 9-14, 16 and 171 to coincide with the enactment of the Ordinance on the Level of the Prepaid Disposal Fee for Glass Beverage Containers (Art. 10 para. 2).