Dispatches and reports to parliament, answers to parliamentary questions, amendments to ordinances, expenditure, elections: the Federal Council has countless decisions to take, and takes them at its meetings. Three principles are key: preparation, collegiality, consensus.
The Federal Council receives its mandates from parliament. By far the most decisions then relate to matters that are referred back to parliament. These include
- dispatches on amendments to acts of parliament and the Constitution
- information and opinions on political proposals
- reports on mandates received from parliament
- the budget and the annual financial statements
- the legislature plan, the annual goals and the annual report.
Before any item of business is placed before the members of the Federal Council, it goes through various stages, all under the watchful eye of the Federal Chancellery. After a draft from a department goes through the office consultation procedure, the departmental head responsible signs the final proposal. Federal Council colleagues have the opportunity to comment on it in a joint reports procedure. Only when this procedure is completed and the Federal Council has checked the formal and legal aspects is the matter is placed on the agenda for the Federal Council meeting.
All aspects considered
Preparation helps to achieve consensus and ensure quality. All aspects of any problem should be carefully thought through, in particular the legal and financial issues. Differences of opinion between departments should be identified as early as possible and solutions found that all concerned can live with. The Federal Council should be able to concentrate on the key political issues.
Collegiality and consensus as the guidelines
"The Federal Council reaches its decisions as a collegial body" states the Federal Constitution. Decisions are taken jointly. All Federal Council members must stand by the decisions in their external dealings, even if a decision may not accord with their personal views or the policy of their party.
The Swiss culture of consensus is also shared by the Federal Council. This means that the Federal Council seeks amicable solutions, rather than trying to enforce personal opinions by securing a majority. The desire for consensus echoes the view that a decision can only take permanent effect if all the decision makers can support it, even if they have certain reservations. Reaching a consensus can be a demanding and protracted process. This is taken into account in the preparations made for Federal Council business.
Last modification 15.01.2020