The executive is one of the three branches of the state, along with the judiciary and the legislature. It comprises the Federal Council and the Federal Administration.
The executive – the branch that implements the law
The task of any executive branch is to execute and implement the laws enacted by the legislature. At federal level, the highest executive authority is the Federal Council; its subordinate authorities are the departments and the federal offices. The executive is therefore responsible for government and administration.
The Federal Council and the President of the Swiss Confederation
The Swiss government - the executive - is made up of the seven members of the Federal Council, each of whom has the same status, rights and obligation, who are elected by the United Federal Assembly for a four-year term of office. Each member of the Federal Council heads one of the seven departments of the Federal Administration.
The President of the Swiss Confederation is elected for one year only as the 'Primus inter pares', the first among equals. He or she chairs Federal Council meetings and assumes special representational duties. The Federal Chancellor acts as chief of staff to the Federal Council.
The Federal Administration comprises seven departments, the Federal Chancellery and almost 90 offices, employing around 38,000 members of staff.
Last modification 15.04.2015