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According to Iraqi law, the death penalty is the highest form of punishment. For Switzerland the death penalty is not applicable even in the case of the most serious crimes. Switzerland does not recognise the death penalty, and it is explicitly banned in the Constitution of 1999. Guided by this principle, Switzerland advocates the abolition of the death penalty in the context of both its multilateral and in its bilateral diplomacy. This principle also applies in the case of Saddam Hussein.The DFA continues to be extremely concerned about the current security situation in Iraq. The DFA hopes that the trials against the individuals responsible of the Iraqi dictatorship will contribute to overcoming the past. Reconciliation is a necessary precondition for the creation of a society in which democracy, democracy and peace prevail.